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Quick QWERTY: On the 2013 Senate Elections

What’s cool about this year’s Senate election?

1. Kaunti lang ang Senatorial candidates. Mas madaling tutukan ang bawat isa. At mas malaki na ang airtime ng bawat kandidato. This means, significant na ang number of news appearances ng Independent at third-party candidates, unlike before na ‘yung main tickets lang ang prominent sa balita.

2. Quality over quantity. Kudos to COMELEC for narrowing down the list from 85 to 33. Kaya mas makikilatis ng botante ang bawat kandidato at kanilang plataporma, at mas kailangang mag-step up ng mga Senatoriables para makumbinsi ang madla na karapat-dapat silang ihalal at bigyan ng six-year term sa Senado.

3. “Hindi na uso ang clean sweep.” Ang Team PNoy at UNA coalition, hindi nakabuo ng buong listahan ng 12 kandidato. Tatlo ang shared guest candidates sa parehong ticket. The way I see it, mas naghahangad na tayo ngayon ng mga dekalibreng Senador, kahit na sa magkakaibang ticket pa magmumula ang iboboto natin/mananalo sa Mayo 13. Hindi na tayo boboto nang basta-basta. Sa pagsagot nating mga Pinoy sa pre-election surveys – na isa sa mga naging basehan ng mga kandidato kung tatakbo o hindi – mas naging ma-alam tayo (kung hindi man matalino) sa kung sinu-sino ang mga dapat suportahan.

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Hindi Ko Sila Iboboto sa Senado!

Lagi nating nire-reklamo ang “premature campaigning”, ang pagiging “epal” ng ilang pulitiko lalo na kapag nalalapit ang halalan. Kaliwa’t kanan ang pagsulpot ng TV, radio at print ads, at labanan ng “creativity”. Lagi naman silang nakakalusot sa disqualification eh. Hindi naman daw nila binabanggit sa TV at print ads kung anong elective position sa gobyerno ang kanilang habol.

Ang mga taong babanggitin ko rito ay nagsaad na ng kanilang intensiyong mahalal bilang Senador sa 2013. Ang ilan pa nga ay na-endorso na ng mga maimpluwensiyang tauhan. Nasa tamang pag-iisip naman tayong mga botante para maalala iyon. Isang Google search lang sa “(name) for Senator 2013”, lalabas na ang lahat ng news articles na magpapatunay sa kanilang “hangarin”. Hindi ba sila makapaghintay sa campaign period? Mga atat!

Ang mga pangalang nasa listahan sa ibaba ay ang mga hindi ko iboboto bilang Senador sa 2013. Halata namang tatakbo sila sa 2013 eh. Sawa na akong pinagmumukha nila tayong “tanga”.

Hindi tama ang kanilang ginagawa. Hindi tama na kinukondisyon nila ang mga tao nang ganito kaaga. Hindi ito patas para sa mga hindi naman masyadong kilala ng taumbayan. Kung isa kang magaling na mambabatas o marangal na Pilipino, lalabas at lalabas naman ‘yun eh. Hindi na kailangang ipaalala sa atin halos araw-araw.

Kung sakali namang tinigil na nila ang pagiging “epal” sa TV, radyo at print ads, doon ko lang matatanggal ang pangalan nila rito. At baka iboto ko pa sila, basta ba malinis at maganda ang kanilang hangaring paglingkuran ang bayan mula sa Senado.

Para sa akin, inaabuso nila ang kalayaang pinaghirapang makamit ng ating mga bayani. Tama na. Basta ako, hindi ko iboboto ang mga ito bilang Senador sa 2013:

Cynthia Villar
Granted, maraming natulungan ang Villar Foundation. At 20 years na sila sa pagtulong. Maraming salamat po. Pero bakit lumalabas sa TV ads na si Gng. Cynthia Villar lang ang nagpatakbo ng NGO na ito for 20 years? Si Gng. Cynthia Villar lang ba ang kaisa-isang tumulong? Siya lang ba mismo ang Villar Foundation? Bakit hindi ang chairman, si Sen. Manny Villar, ang nasa TV ad? Hindi naman po yata patas para sa ibang mga opisyal ng Villar Foundation. Bakit ang Ayala Foundation, hindi naman si Jaime Zobel de Ayala o ang managing directors nito lang ang “bida”? Hindi po ba talaga maaaring tungkol lang sa Villar Foundation ang commercial? Tutal, nasa pangalan na naman ng NGO ang apelyido niyo eh: Villar Foundation.

Lorenzo “Erin” Tañada III
To be fair, I did my research: the Freedom of Information Bill was introduced by 14 Congressmen (Tañada included) through 12 separate House Bills. Senator Gregorio Honasan also proposed a version of the bill in the Senate. This raises a very important question on Erin Tañada’s TV ad: bakit siya lang ang nasa commercial? Unfair naman yata para kina Reps. Biazon, Teodoro, Nograles, Angara, Casiño, Colmenares, Bello, Bag-ao, Romualdo, Apostol, Del Mar, Castelo and Escudero. Porke ba siya ang nag-file ng consolidated bill, siya ang “bida” ng FOI Bill?

Juan Edgardo “Sonny “Angara
Hindi nagpahuli si Cong. Angara! Kasama pa ang amang si Senator Angara at artistang si Julia Montes! Question: Bakit ngayon lang naipagmamayabang ang pag-enhance sa Senior Citizens Act? Bakit po hindi noong napasa ang bill? Bakit po hindi noong nakikiusap kayo sa suporta para sa bill, tulad ng ginagawa ni Cong. Tañada? Look at the timing: ilang buwan na lang, campaign period na! And, is it really necessary to claim that you (and you alone, if the TV ad is to be believed) worked on the bill? Oo nga pala, tatakbo po kayong Senador sa 2013. Diba po sabi niyo mismo? Can’t the bragging wait, Sir?

Risa Hontiveros-Baraquel
Ah, the classic “exploiting a hot issue” tactic. Risa Hontiveros is pro-Moms, pro-RH Bill. Thanks for the info, Madam. Pero hindi po ba talaga makakapaghantay ang TV ad niyo para sa campaign period? You were even endorsed by Pres. Noynoy Aquino himself for Senator, right? Please tell us you’re still considering your options. Tapos tatakbo rin naman po kayo eventually. Sino po ang pinaglalaruan niyo: kami o ang sarili niyo? Or both?

Joel Villanueva
Sayang. I really thought he was different from the rest. He was CIBAC (Citizen’s Battle Against Corruption) Representative for nine years. His father is Bro. Eddie Villanueva of Jesus is Lord Church. Pero noong na-appoint siya bilang TESDA Director-General, things changed. Ang mukha at pangalan niya, halos nasa bawat tarpaulin ng TESDA. Kahit hindi naman kailangan, kahit inappropriate, katabi ng logo ng TESDA ang mukha at pangalan niya. Remember: hindi maaaring angkinin ng pinuno ang buong ahensya. Ang tawag doon: epal. Those acts, for me, made him less different than his predecessor, and now Iloilo Rep. Augusto Syjuco, Jr., who made use of his office’s name for political gain.

Ernesto Maceda
Fact: Endorser si former Senator Maceda ng Lechon Republic. Fact: former Senator si Ernesto Maceda. The last time he was legislating in the Senate halls was in 1998. Pero bakit po sa isang ad sa likod ng isang bus, nakasulat, Sen. Ernesto Maceda? Bakit wala pong former? Maski po sa isang tarpaulin ng radio show niyo na nakita ko one time sa isang terminal ng bus sa Cubao, walang former Senator na nakalagay. Swerte niyo po, hindi ko na-picture-an.

Aquilino “Koko” Pimentel III
Sa mga gilid at likod ng bus rin naka-print ang mukha ni Sen. Koko. Kung anu-anong mensahe at endorsements ang ipinapakalat. Necessary po ba talagang gawin ‘yun? Kailan pa po naisama sa “official job description” ng isang Senador ang maging public information officer o official endorser ng mga commercial products?

Gwendolyn Garcia
Habang naglalakbay papuntang Lucena, I saw a tourism campaign for Cebu province. Visit Cebu! Guess who was prominently in the tarpaulin? Yup, their governor, Gwen Garcia. Hindi ko gets, kung bakit tila mas maganda/gwapo ang governors ng probinsya kaysa sa mga tourist spots mismo ng probinsya, at dapat eh sakop nila ang pinakamalaking space ng tourism ads. Kahit sumingit nga lang sa tarpaulin, nakakainis na eh. Tourist spots na rin pala ang bahay, katawan at mukha nila. (Here’s looking at you, Laguna Gov. ER Ejercito aka George Estregan!)

Juan Ponce “Jack” Enrile, Jr.
During the early months of 2012, nagkalat ang mga berdeng kalendaryo at print ads na may pangalan at mukha ni Jack Enrile. Dinidikit pa sa mga bahay along Kalayaan Avenue. Akala ko, tatakbong mayor ng Makati, o ‘di kaya Congressman. Big-time pa naman ang apelyido: Enrile. ‘Yun pala, tatakbong Senador, papalit sa tatay, kay Senator Enrile! Talk about super-premature campaigning!

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This is my stand for 2013. What’s yours? 🙂

P.S. Onti na lang, Sen. Alan Peter Cayetano, masasama na po kayo sa listahang ito. Kahit itago niyo pa po sa Pilipinas 2020 campaign ang sarili niyong political campaign, halata na po.

P.P.S. Senator Chiz Escudero, the more you stay on KrisTV, the more it becomes obvious na kinukondisyon niyo kaming iboto kayo. It’s unfair because you’re always on national TV three to five times a week, a feat the other 22 Senators cannot afford to have.

2010 Election Results: Town by Town

After two years of on-and-off engagement in this personal project, I hereby present to you two maps of how the Philippines voted for President and Vice President during the 2010 national elections – at the municipal and city level, or town-by-town.

Yours truly created these maps on the notion that this – showing which candidate for President and Vice President won in every town and city in the country – has never been done before.

The 2010 Philippine presidential elections page in Wikipedia, has lots of maps already about the May 10, 2010 elections. (Those on the percentage of votes obtained by candidates per province are a personal favorite.) But the results were only at the provincial level.

By going down to the municipal/city level, we can see how the presidential and vice presidential candidates truly fared in 2010. For example, Manny Villar, who was widely known to have won only in Ilocos Norte and Ilocos Sur, also received victories in many other towns in Northern Luzon.

Gilbert Teodoro (who in previous maps were shown to have garnered electoral victories only in small provinces like Guimaras, Camiguin and Dinagat Islands) also scored wins in western Pampanga, Agusan del Sur, and Lanao del Norte.

Vice presidential candidate Loren Legarda, who did not win in any province, actually had a good-to-strong showing in Palawan, Northern Luzon, Aurora, Lanao del Norte and the ARMM.

2010 Town-by-Town Election Results for President

for President (click to enlarge)

2010 Town-by-Town Election Results for Vice President

For Vice President (click to enlarge)

Source: Philippines 2010 Election Results by COMELEC

Blank map of the Philippines retrieved from Wikimedia Commons, and adapted in this map.
This file is under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported (CC BY-SA 3.0) license.

Excel files of data used in these maps are available upon request. Said files also include summary of national election results per island group (Luzon, Visayas and Mindanao) and summary of local election results per province.

Philippine Congress Timeline

I present to you one of my projects: the Philippine Congress Timeline.

Philippine Congress Timeline (Low-res)

Philippine Congress Timeline (File size: 8.43 MB)

The timeline lists in chronological order every Senator elected to the Senate since 1916, and every Representative elected to the House of Representatives since 1907. It includes Assemblymen of the unicameral National Assembly (1935-41) during the Commonwealth Period, and of the National Assembly of the Second Republic (1943-44) during the Japanese occupation. Also in the timeline are members of the Interim Batasang Pambansa (1978-84) and the Regular Batasang Pambansa (1984-86), parliaments during the Marcos administration.

It also shows the history of each legislative district in the Philippines. The districts are grouped by island group (Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao), and then arranged by province in alphabetical order. Some provinces and cities in the timeline are associated with their “mother province” or “mother district” (where the district was originally part of in 1907), for presentation purposes. Leyte and Cebu had district reorganization (in 1961 and 1987, resp.), thus explaining the apparent “change of district numbers” in the said provinces.

There is also a timeline of former and current sectoral representatives. Sectoral representation in the Philippines was introduced in the Interim Batasang Pambansa in 1978. There have been only four former district representatives in history who were later elected as sectoral representatives (Luis Taruc, Salvador Britanico, Patricio Antonino, and Juan Miguel Arroyo).

Below the senators timeline, and between the district and sectoral timelines are Congress statistics, such as the number of new, re-elected, and returning Senators and Congressmen. There have been 237 Senators and 2,239 Representatives in Philippine history.

You can observe the prevalence of “political dynasties” in some provinces here in this timeline.

Legend:

  • cells with yellow fill are two-term legislators; cells with orange fill are three-termers; cells with blue fill are four-termers; cells with green fill are legislators serving for five or more consecutive terms
  • cells with gray fill represent transitions between two representatives, due to the first one’s death, resignation or appointment to another post
  • names set in green text are “returning legislators”
  • names set in blue underlined text are Representatives later elected to Senate

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The Philippine Congress Timeline is a result of nearly 15 months of researching, collecting, plotting, and verifying data from various sources:

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The Excel file of the Philippine Congress Timeline is available by request. For a copy of the file, please reply to this blog with your e-mail address, or send an e-mail to michaelbueza@gmail.com.

Special elections in Cagayan’s 2nd District, 4 other provinces

Today (March 12), special elections in five provinces are underway.

The replacement for Cagayan 2nd District Rep. Florencio Vargas, who died last July 22, 2010, will be determined.

Pursuant to COMELEC Minute Resolution No. 10-1434, promulgated on December 23, 2010, special elections for local posts are currently held in:

  • Paracelis, Mountain Province,
  • Sumisip, Basilan,
  • Indanan, Sulu, and
  • Sapa-Sapa, Tawi-Tawi.

2010 Special Election Results – Bulacan, 1st District

Apologies for the late update. – QWERTY Atty. Photo at the left taken from the House of Representatives official website.

Ma. Victoria Sy-Alvarado was re-elected for a second term as Representative of the 1st District of Bulacan after the special polls held on the district last November 13.

It should be remembered that the elections in Bulacan’s 1st District and in the now-defunct Malolos District were deferred after the latter district’s creation was was nullified by the Supreme Court.

Sy-Alvarado and Lanao del Sur 1st District Rep. Hussein P. Pangandaman (shown in photo above) took their oath of office on November 15, thus completing the membership of the House of Representatives for the 15th Congress.

Palpak?

Unang-una, hindi palpak ang naganap na Barangay at SK Elections noong October 25. Oo, na-postpone ang eleksyon sa humigit-kumulang 5,400 na barangay sa buong bansa. Oo, nagkaroon ng maraming aberya. Pero unfair na isisi sa COMELEC ang lahat at bansagang palpak ang COMELEC at ang Barangay Elections.

We have to understand that COMELEC made a lot of effort in making this election work. Dahil hindi siya automated (dahil napaka-impraktikal nito, sa dami ng barangay sa Pilipinas), nakita nating muli ang mga dilaw na ballot boxes. Kaya, makakapandaya ulit ang mga walang-hiya. Doon sila sanay, eh.

Hindi naman mako-kontrol ng COMELEC ang lahat ng tao’t kandidato. Nandoon sila para siguruhing maisasagawa natin ang karapatan nating bumoto, pati na rin maprotektahan ang “sanctity of the ballot”.

Ang dapat nating sisihin ay ang mga kandidatong mandaraya, mga opisyal na kaban ng bayan lang naman ang habol. Pati na rin ang mga taong “nabayaran” para tulungan silang manalo. Isama na rin natin dito ang mga kriminal na uma-ambush at pumapatay sa mga nanalong kandidato.

Paano tayo aahon bilang isang bansa, kung sa barangay pa lang ay magulo na? Paano natin maaayos ang sistema, kung sa barangay pa lang eh marami nang tiwali?

Sana, sa mga susunod na barangay elections, mas maging pulido ang proseso ng botohan. Mapanatili itong partial at non-partisan, para makapili nang mabuti ang komunidad ng mga susunod nilang lider. Maka-isip din sana ang COMELEC ng isang efficient at cheating-proof na election system. Panahon na siguro para iretiro ang mga yellow ballot boxes, dahil tila sinisimbulo nito ang mga nagaganap na dayaan tuwing eleksyon.

Pabor din akong buwagin na ang Sangguniang Kabataan, at magkaroon na lamang ng isang Youth Representative sa bawat barangay. That way, mas mararamdaman nating may kabataang lider sa barangay, dahil mako-compel siyang maging aktibo sa komunidad. Ikumpara mo naman sa pito o walong SK Kagawads na karamihan eh naghahantay lang ng gagawin.

~~~

As for my experience, mabilis naman kaming nakaboto nong October 25. Kasi 7:00 pa lang, nakapila na kami. Thirtyminutes later, tapos na kaming buong pamilya. Si Papa nga, pinili munang bumoto bago siya dumeretso sa kanyang arkila sa Banaue, Ifugao. (Driver ang aking Tatay.)

Matindi kasi ang labanan sa pagka-kapitan sa aming barangay: walo silang kumandidato, kabilang ang # three-term naming outgoing barangay captain, # ang kanyang kapatid, # isang commentator sa aming simbahan, at ang # aming kapitbahay na doktora na dating kagawad.

Tapos, naging outside watcher kami ni Mama hanggang sa katapusan ng botohan, noong 3PM. Doon kami nakarinig ng usap-usapang nagka-dayaan na raw. Ito ang ilan sa mga narinig ko:

  • May apat daw na ballot boxes na itinago ng isang kandidato. Isinama daw ito sa bilangan during canvassing.
  • Nabayaran na raw ang mga tauhan ng COMELEC bago pa man ang eleksyon. At…
  • Wala raw natanggap na boto ang isang kumandidatong barangay captain sa precinct niya mismo.

How was your barangay elections experience? Bumoto ka ba? Natanggal na ba ang indelible ink sa kanang hintuturo mo? (Hindi pa rin kasi sa akin eh…)

Where are the Barangay Election results?

This blog received over 600 page views during and 1,800 views the day after the Barangay and SK Elections last October 25. Apparently, most of you were searching for the election results in your respective barangays.

Unfortunately, there were none. Sobrang dami po kasi ng mga barangay sa Pilipinas (42,025, to be exact), so getting results from each of them will be extremely tiresome. And for that, I apologize.

However, I’ll try to list down the winners of the barangay and SK elections here in my hometown, Makati City, as soon as I get the results.

So, where can I find Barangay Election results, then?

I’m looking around the World Wide Web as well, but so far I haven’t stumbled on a blog/website that provides some, if not all, of the winners of the 2010 barangay and SK elections. Even COMELEC doesn’t post barangay election results on their website. The fact that the barangay elections is not an automated one doesn’t help, either.

ABS-CBNNews.com, for its part, listed celebrity candidates who won and lost in the village polls.

Barangay Elections campaign period underway

Today (October 14) marks the start of the 10-day campaign period for all candidates running for barangay and Sangguniang Kabataan positions.

The elections will be on October 25, which is declared a special non-working holiday by Pres. Benigno Aquino III via Presidential Proclamation No. 48 for the purpose.

The nationwide gun ban is still in effect until November 10, the end of the election period.

15th Congress of the Philippines: House of Representatives

[last updated November 12, 2011]

The Philippine House of Representatives is composed of district and sectoral Congressmen, elected every three years. No Congressman can be elected for more than three consecutive terms.

In the 15th Congress, the Lower House has 285 seats. Each of the 229 legislative districts in the country elects one representative. The remaining 56 seats, 20% of the whole HoR membership, are allotted to sectoral (also known as party-list) representatives, elected indirectly and at-large.

(Voters vote for the party-list group, not its representative, who will be qualified by COMELEC and will only be known after the elections. The winning party-lists, and the number of seats each group obtain, are determined by a formula set forth in the Constitution.)

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As of November 12, 2011, one House seat is vacant. Rep. Antonio Diaz [Zambales, 2nd District] died in office on August 3, 2011.

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Rep. Florencio Vargas [Cagayan, 2nd District] died on July 22, 2010, four days before the 15th Congress’s inaugural session. Her daughter, Abulug, Cagayan vice mayor Baby Aline Vargas-Alfonso, replaced him in a special election in the district last March 12, 2011. She defeated former representative and governor Edgar Lara.

Ilocos Sur 1st District Rep. Ronald Singson was officially dropped from the House membership last March 7, after resigning six days prior. Singson was arrested at the Hong Kong International Airport last July 11, 2010, for bringing 6.67 grams of cocaine and two tablets of the narcotic Nitrazepam into the city. He pleaded guilty to the drug trafficking charge in a Hong Kong District Court last February 2011, but Rep. Singson cleared that the drugs were intended for personal use.

In a special election held last May 28, 2011, Vigan City vice mayor Ryan Singson defeated Bertrand Baterina to take his brother Ronald’s seat in Congress.

Rep. Solaiman Pangandaman (AA-KASOSYO party-list) resigned on July 13, 2011. Replacing him is former DAR Sec. Nasser Pangandaman, who was not on the five nominees listed by the party prior to the 2010 elections.

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Sixty-five members of the Congress (51 district and 14 sectoral representatives) are women. This constitutes 22% of the total Congress membership. Prominent Congresswomen this 15th Congress include former Pres. Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, former First Lady Imelda Marcos, actresses Lani Mercado and Lucy Torres, Gina de Venecia, and Ma. Amelita Villarosa.

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Two Representatives are sought to be ousted, or are about to be ousted from Congress:

Congressmen by Political Party

The Liberal Party (LP) has 72 members in the 15th Congress, the most by any party. After the May 10 elections, as many as 24 Congressmen defected to LP, the political party of Pres. Benigno Aquino III. House Speaker Feliciano Belmonte, Jr. [Quezon City, 4th District], Majority Floor Leader Neptali Gonzales, Jr. [Mandaluyong City] and Deputy Speaker Lorenzo Tañada [Quezon, 4th District] are members of LP.

Formerly the majority party in the 14th Congress, the Lakas-Kampi-CMD Party now only has 62 members. Minority Leader Edcel Lagman [Albay, 1st District] and former Pres. Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo is of the party.

The Nationalist People’s Coalition (NPC) party of businessman Eduardo “Danding” Conjuangco, Jr. won 30 Congress seats. Deputy Speaker Arnulfo Fuentebella [Camarines Sur, 4th District] belongs to the party. The NPC has a strong following in the Negros Island, South Cotabato, Rizal, Tarlac, Camarines Sur, and the eastern part of Pangasinan.

Also with 30 seats is the newly-formed National Unity Party (NUP), composed of former Lakas-Kampi congressmen who defected to the Liberal Party. Its party chairman is Deputy Speaker Pablo Garcia [Cebu, 2nd District], while its president is Rep. Rodolfo Antonino [Nueva Ecija, 4th District].

The Nacionalista Party (NP), the oldest political party in the country, has 22 current Congressmen as members, including Deputy Speaker Jesus Crispin Remulla [Cavite, 7th District]. The NP is headed by defeated Presidential candidate Sen. Manny Villar.

Former Pres. Joseph Estrada’s Pwersa ng Masang Pilipino (PMP) is gaining ground in Congress, with five from the party representing the 1st District of Misamis Oriental, both districts of Cagayan de Oro City, San Juan City and Navotas City.

Vice President Jejomar Binay’s PDP-Laban Party has two members in Congress, both representing the two districts of Makati City, where Binay was Mayor from 1986 to 2010.

The Kilusang Bagong Lipunan (KBL), and Laban ng Demokratikong Pilipino (LDP) parties each have one representative in the 15th Congress: Imelda Marcos [Ilocos Norte, 2nd District], and Juan Edgardo Angara [Aurora]. Marcos is the wife of former Pres. Ferdinand Marcos. Angara is the son of LDP head Sen. Edgardo Angara.

The Partido ng Demokratikong Reporma-Lapiang Manggagawa (PDR-LM) party had one member in Congress, Rep. Antonio Diaz. LM is founded by former Defense Sec. and 1998 Presidential candidate Renato de Villa, and is currently headed by another former Defense Secretary and current Zambales Gov. Hemogenes Ebdane, Jr.

The 15th Congress also has two Independents as members: former Police Director Romeo Acop [Antipolo City, 2nd District] and former Bohol Governor and Representative Erico Aumentado [Bohol, 2nd District]. Ryan Singson [Ilocos Sur, 1st District] belongs to the local Biled party.

Congressmen by Term

In the 15th Congress, a total of 134 Congressmen were re-elected, or 46% of total Congress membership. Forty-two of the 52 “second-termers” (including Rep. Antonio Diaz, who died in office) last 14th Congress were re-elected on May 2010.

The 15th Congress has 129 neophyte Representatives, 28 of which are sectoral representatives.

Twenty-two former Congressmen returned to the halls of the House, including House Speaker Feliciano Belmonte, Imelda Marcos, Erineo Maliksi [Cavite, 3rd District], Aurora Cerilles [Zamboanga del Sur, 2nd District], and Eulogio Magsaysay [AVE party list].

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